Chapter: 2 Page no: 15 Author s : Snyder, J. Walory przyrodnicze w turystyce i rekreacji Natural attractions in tourism and recreation. Focusing on the analysis of past developments and trends of Antarctic tourism, this paper aims to describe the future opportunities for tourism in Antarctica. As the result of such an approach, even though Arctic is associated with more specialized tourism, it is dominated by mass tourists, looking for relatively cheaper and comfortable attractions. The paper does not prescribe policy but indicates alternative points of view and argues that the strict regulatory approach increasingly favoured by some national programs is out of all proportion to the size of potential problems and could diminish traditions of cooperation, non-proprietorship, and the adventurous spirit, which have uniquely characterized human endeavour in Antarctica. Accepted 6 June 2007 doi:10. Ralf Buckley: International Center for Ecotourism Research, Griffith University,Gold Coast Qld 9726, Australia Email Assigned 1 May 2007.
Chapter: 15 Page no: 247 Author s : Snyder, J. WaloryturystycznewybranychrejonówSpitsbergenu Tourism attractiveness of the selected areas of Spitsbergen. It has 17 chapters organized in 4 parts under the following headings: i tourism and the polar environment; ii economic roles of polar tourism; iii developments in Antarctic tourism; and iv managing the new realities. Antarctica is a global commons, which limits the range of options for regulating tourism development. Improving the global environmental performance of Antarctic tourism is difficult, because of its exclusive dependency on long-haul trips. Arctic areas that are potentially attractive due to natural resources are much less explored than those with good accessibility, but less attractive qualities. Chapter: 9 Page no: 149 Author s : Bertram, E.
A Report to the President. Qualitative method of inquiry is selected to glean the issues and problems proposed in a northernmost Arctic region of Norwegian continent. Are you prepared to make the most of them? Główne problemy badawcze geografii turyzmu Mainproblems in geography of tourism. Managing for the Future in a Rapidly Changing Arctic. Chapter: 14 Page no: 231 Author s : Snyder, J. The physical design of the book is attractive,and the editing tight and highly professional.
An overview of recent independent expeditions is then given and issues are discussed. The book will appeal to researchers in tourism, ecology and environmental studies, and to those involved in developing sustainable polar tourism. Tradycje i nowe poglądy na tożsamość geografii Traditions and newviews on the identity of geography , Podstawowe Idee i Koncepcje w Geografii, 5, 23-35. Judging from data presented in this volume, it would seem that cruiseships are getting bigger and more luxurious, and penetrating further and more frequentlyinto Arctic and Antarctic waters, at least partly because of global warming. Polar tourism: definitions and dimensions. Chapter: 3 Page no: 32 Author s : Stonehouse, B.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The argument developed here is that this magic emerges as a discourse delineating Antarctica as a radically Other to the modern Self in general, while at the same time offering a symbolic essence to modern social life that tourists actively seek out and try to capture while on the tour. Category: Travel Author : Michael C. In addition, other valuable implications may entail streamlining e-channels for travel information delivery, monitoring the effects of climate change and instigating educational information at destinations. Of the17 chapters, five discuss both poles, two others focus on the south, and three lookat the north. Methods in Environmental and Behavioral Research. New York: Nostrand Reinhold, 361-393.
It provides a review of tourism attractiveness features for the Arctic,which was basedon identifying the presence and concentration of favorable endogenous, tourism-related features of a studied area. Wybrane koncepcje teoretyczne i dooewiadczenia praktyczne dotycz¹ce rozwoju regionów peryferyjnych. Research and policy-making efforts have so far focused on the impacts on Antarctica's own ecosystems, whereas global impacts have all but been ignored. At thesame time, it seems that individual adventure exploits in polar regions are alsobecoming more frequent. In contrast, tourism in national parks and remote areas can have high impacts on conservation and communities , depending on details of management. This research undertakes a case study on current challenges to the provision of tourism services at Arctic destinations. The emergence of ecotourism has turned Antarctica into an increasingly popular tourist destination for intrepid travelers.
Ecotourism With the enormous environmental and cultural diversity to be found in the countries of Asia, both international and domestic tourism have turned toward forms of ecotourism. It has a subject index. Accepted 12 June 2007 doi:10. It is suggested that, to date, the terms of the debate have been set by the most powerful vested interests in Antarctica and that the discussion itself has been polarized. Chapter: 8 Page no: 123 Author s : Bertram, E. National Snow and Ice Data Center - World Glacier Inventory. The book will appeal to researchers in tourism, ecology and environmental studies, and to those involved in developing sustainable polar tourism.
The paper argues that the opportunity settings for tourism in Antarctica vary from operations of increasing scale and efficiency to the continued development of smaller scale niche products, both of which will continue to diversify and drive the development of tourism in Antarctica. On the other hand, it is argued that the impact of the current practice of tourism is by any means much less than other activities, such as the running of In addition to these core values, in recent years the issue of human safety has received much attention, especially after the sinking of the preparation, insurance, and contingency planning, but also quality equipment, information, and experience, are generally seen as crucial factors in minimizing these risks Murray and Jabour 2004; Lamers et al. This configuration has raised concerns and debates among academics, policy makers and interest groups about the challenges for regulation and management in the long term. Climate change, landscape and species loss, increasing interest in energy resources and minerals, social changes in indigenous societies, and a new polar geopolitics all bring into question the sustainability of polar regions and the place of tourism within them. Three clusters of strategic challenges are presented: addressing collective interests in the face of increasingly diverging interests of actors; the complex nature and indeterminacy of Antarctic tourism processes and impacts across different spatial and temporal scales; and the reliance on shared responsibility in developing and implementing tourism policy. This publication describes the key features of the Polar Region environment and assesses the multiple roles and impacts of tourism activities in both the Arctic and Antarctica.
Chapter: 13 Page no: 210 Author s : Stonehouse, B. Stephen Smith: Department of Recration and leisure Studies, University of Water-loo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada. Description This book examines polar tourism in its environmental, economic and cultural settings and explores the potential for growth as well as essential management for sustainability. Tourism is seen as one of the few economic opportunities in these regions but at the same time the polar regions are being opened up to tourism development they are being affected by a number of new factors that are interconnected to travel and tourism. In these pages, you will find discussions of issues related to Antarctic tourism including: regulation of the tourism industry under the Antarctic Treaty System, and self-regulation provided by business operators trends and predictions for numbers of visitors to the region tourist attractions that are natural, man-made, spiritual, or scientific in nature wildlife of Antarctica: seals and whales, flying sea birds, penguins, etc. As the title of the volume suggests, this book will find its greatest use as a refer-ence work on any of the topics covered. These include diff use eff ects from international travel and localized eff ects at individual destinations.